Abstract Species of mantids from the Department of Tolima, Colombia, were identified from specimens collected in the field and from material deposited in the “Museo del Laboratorio de Entomología” from “Universidad del Tolima”. Surveys were carried out in the Coello River Basin; the area was divided into ten sections according to the altitude; two
points were chosen in each section and mantids were collected from 100 m2 transects. Each site was surveyed for 45 minutes. In Tolima 22 species of mantids were found, including a possible new species in the genera Acanthops and the new record from Colombia Parastagmatoptera serricornis. Pseudomiopteryx infuscata is confirmed from Colombia. Descriptive figures of oothecae and genitalia of some collected species are shown.
Ariza, G.M., Salazar E., J.A., & Canal, N.A. 2012. Especies y distribución de los mántidos (Mantodea) del departamento del Tolima, Colombia. – Revista entomologia 38(2): 282-290. (In Spanish)
The new edition of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology has been published and now features a chapter on Mantodea.
Wieland, F. & Schütte, K. 2012. Mantodea, pp. 407-409, in McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, 11th edition, Volume 10, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2012.
A mitochondrial genome phylogeny of termites (Blattodea: Termitoidae): Robust support for interfamilial relationships and molecular synapomorphies define major clades.
Stephen L. Cameron, Nathan Lo, Thomas Bourguignon, Gavin J. Svenson, Theodore A. Evans
Despite their ecological significance as decomposers and their evolutionary significance as the most speciose eusocial insect group outside the Hymenoptera, termite (Blattodea: Termitoidae or Isoptera) evolutionary relationships have yet to be well resolved. Previous morphological and molecular analyses strongly conflict at the family level and are marked by poor support for backbone nodes. A mitochondrial (mt) genome phylogeny of termites was produced to test relationships between the recognised termite families, improve nodal support and test the phylogenetic utility of rare genomic changes found in the termite mt genome. Complete mt genomes were sequenced for 7 of the 9 extant termite families with additional representatives of each of the two most speciose families Rhinotermitidae (3 of 7 subfamilies) and Termitidae (3 of 8 subfamilies). The mt genome of the well supported sister-group of termites, the subsocial cockroach Cryptocercus, was also sequenced. A highly supported tree of termite relationships was produced by all analytical methods and data treatment approaches, however the relationship of the termites + Cryptocercus clade to other cockroach lineages was highly affected by the strong nucleotide compositional bias found in termites relative to other dictyopterans. The phylogeny supports previously proposed suprafamilial termite lineages, the Euisoptera and Neoisoptera, a later derived Kalotermitidae as sister group of the Neoisoptera and a monophyletic clade of dampwood (Stolotermitidae, Archotermopsidae) and harvester termites (Hodotermitidae). In contrast to previous termite phylogenetic studies, nodal supports were very high for family-level relationships within termites. Two rare genomic changes in the mt genome control region were found to be molecular synapomorphies for major clades. An elongated stem-loop structure defined the clade Polyphagidae + (Cryptocercus + termites), and a further series of compensatory base changes in this stem-loop is synapomorphic for the Neoisoptera. The complicated repeat structures first identified in Reticulitermes, composed of short (A-type) and long (B-type repeats) defines the clade Heterotermitinae + Termitidae, while the secondary loss of A-type repeats is synapomorphic for the non-macrotermitine Termitidae.
Frederick R. Prete, Salina Dominguez, Justin L. Komito, Robert Theis, Jessica M. Dominguez, Lawrence E. Hurd & Gavin J. Svenson (in press), Appetitive Responses to Computer-Generated Visual Stimuli by Female Rhombodera basalis, Deroplatys lobata, Hierodula membranacea, and Miomantis sp. (Insecta: Mantodea). – Journal of Insect Behavior (Online First): DOI: 10.1007/s10905-012-9340-x.
Frederick R. Prete, Robert Theis, Justin L. Komito, Jessica Dominguez, Salina Dominguez, Gavin Svenson, Frank Wieland, Visual stimuli that elicit visual tracking, approaching and striking behavior from an unusual praying mantis, Euchomenella macrops (Insecta: Mantodea), Journal of Insect Physiology, Volume 58, Issue 5, May 2012, Pages 648-659, ISSN 0022-1910, 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.01.018.
B. Wipfler, F. Wieland, F. DeCarlo, T. Hörnschemeyer, Cephalic morphology of Hymenopus coronatus (Insecta: Mantodea) and its phylogenetic implications, Arthropod Structure & Development, Volume 41, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 87-100, ISSN 1467-8039, 10.1016/j.asd.2011.06.005.